They are most active during periods of subdued light. It weighs from 100 to 300 pounds or more. The height at the shoulders is 90-105 cm, length 134-206 cm, and weight (M) 90-135 kg (F) 67-112 kg. Length ranges from 95 to 220 cm (37 to 87 in), including a tail of 10 to 37 cm (3.9 to 14.6 in), and the shoulder height is 53 to 120 cm (21 to 47 in). Even with these, the coons will hang from the tubes Here is a video by Jim Kroll demonstrating some of his research results culminating in … What are the shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates? Each ear is about 6 inches in length. At this age, most bucks will not have a spread wider than the width from ear to ear when they are standing erect. The average summer weight of adult males is 68 kg (150 lb) and is 45.3 kg (100 lb) in adult females. Look for wider deer if you get a front-on or back-on view. Deer are able to sleep in spaces that feel safe and offer protection to them. 0 0. wilcoxson. Drawings include:
White-Tailed Deer side elevation (standing), front (standing), side (running), Wikipedia - DeerLive Science - Deer Facts. During fall and early winter after velvet is shed, male white-tailed deer will have hardened antlers. These results are a response of rotational grazing, prescribed burning, cedar control, and proper harvest of white-tailed deer and exotics. They feed in fields and openings and retreat to forest for cover. Deer grow a lightweight, reddish-brown coat in the summer and a They also like to be near food sources, and once they find a bedding space that they like they may go back to the same location often. Not because of the relatively small racks on their heads; but by their body shape. Source(s): height average whitetail deer: https://shortly.im/1GIS8. Deer shed their antlers once a year usually between January and April. The co-relation may be present but, not always. Subscribed! The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years. The most characteristic feature of the white-tailed deer is the white underside of its tail or "flag" that is flashed when disturbed. The back of the deer will also slope at a sharp downward grade from the rump to the shoulder. Weight Index Charts for White-tailed Deer in Texas Weight BUCKS Weight DOES Index Fawn 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5 5.5 6.5 Index Fawn 1.5 2.5 3.5 + 130% 56 92 109 122 137 142 144 130% 48 74 85 90 128% 55 91 108 120 134 140 142 128% 47 73 83 88 126% 54 89 106 118 132 137 140 126% 47 72 82 87 124% 53 Whitetailed deer are very strong animals. As a point of reference -- and forgetting about those monster bucks of Canada and tiny deer of the South -- the average buck has a distance of 16 inches between the tips of his ears, when the ears are in the alter position. Deer will grow new antlers throughout the summer. Average deer field dressed weights by age-class will indicate whether you are gaining or losing ground with your deer management program. Join our monthly newsletter! Body height is a bad barometer for picking out an adult doe. Leg, pedicle and velvet injuries can all lead to antler deformations. White-tailed Deer Weights Since 1962, average field dressed weights for bucks (harvested during public hunts) of all age classes have increased. Below The males have antlers with main beam forward and several unbranched tines. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). Select an item on the right to compare relative dimensions to White-Tailed Deer. Height of average whitetail deer? I know that at the shoulders deer are 3-3.5 foot tall, but I would like to know how tall the average deer stands if you measured from the top of it's head to it's hooves. The buck, on average, reaches about 6 feet in length and 3 to 4 feet in height at the shoulders. Deer are graceful, sleek and have long legs, which makes them look taller than their actual height of 35 to 38 inches. Including all races, the average summer weight of adult males is 68 kg (150 lb) and is 45.3 kg (100 lb) in adult females. During development, the antlers are covered with a spongy tissue called velvet. Comparing body weights between age-classes can be misleading. Fawns may be taken by bobcat. Deer vary in size and females can weigh between 90-211 pounds, while males are between 150-310 pounds. Figure 6. Updated daily. Other animals include the four-horned antelope, gaur, taruca, wild yak, moose, domestic sheep, and domestic pig. From February through August bucks are generally in small groups, during other times, bucks are generally solitary and in the fall, bucks, with hardened antlers, challenge each other for control of a harem of does. The whitetail deer is known for its characteristic long tail, which is white underneath. A GPS tracking study in Texas showed an average home range of 2,271 acres. Whitetail Deer have good eyesight and hearing, but depend mainly on their sense of smell to detect danger. The average weight of an adult male white-tailed deer is about 150 lbs., but in the northernmost end of their range the deer can exceed 250 lbs.! What do white-tailed deer look like? Scaled 2D drawings and 3D models available for download. During the winter deer tend to eat buds, bark, and shoots, while in the spring and summer time they will generally eat corn, and acorns. The lifespan of a wild White-Tailed Deer is roughly 6-15 years. White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). A comprehensive reference database of dimensioned drawings documenting the standard measurements and sizes of the everyday objects and spaces that make up our world. Deer exist on every continent besides Australia and Antarctica and live and forage for grasses and shrubs in temperate, alpine, wetlands, and grassland environments. At 1½ years, bucks are all legs. White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as Virginia deer, is a common American deer species that ranges from the Arctic Circle in western Canada to Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Availability of food and proximity to cover make all the difference. They occur in many habitats from the swamps of the Eastern Shore to the mountains in the west. Bucks with their first set of antlers are the easiest to age. The underside and throat are white, the tail brown above and white below. For 3D Downloads of this element, upgrade to a Dimensions Pro Membership. Male Whitetail Deer have antlers, which are shed from January to March. The males have antlers with main beam forward and several unbranched tines. Male white-tailed deer with antlers in the velvet stage. Their legs look like springs when they jump. Fawns are reddish brown and white spotted. The breeding season is from late September through February, and concentrated in the last two weeks of November and they usually produce1-3 fawns each year. © 2020 Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources. Doe fawns are just dainty. Keep in mind that the size will actually be smaller when looking at a downward angle. The average whitetail stands between 36 and 40 inches high at the top of the shoulder. 3DM, OBJ, SKP formats, Dimensions is a project by Fantastic Offense. On the edge of a food plot it might be twice that height. In many parts of the West, in fact, whitetails routinely make treks of 2-3 miles between preferred bedding areas in … According to the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, adult white-tailed deer stand between 36 and 42 inches tall at the shoulder. Even-toed ungulates have an even number of toes (2 or 4) while odd-toed ungulates have an odd number of toes. A whitetail’s antlers can grow at an average of up to 2 inches per week! White-tailed deer and mule deer look very similar, but a few key characteristics will help you distinguish between the two. Almost all species of even-toed ungulates have a form of weapon like unbranched horns, forked horns, antlers, well-developed canines or tusks. There are about 220 species of even-toed ungulates. For example, hold your hand straight out in front of you, palm facing you, now move your hand down toward your waist, palm still facing you. Especially big bucks may be 42 inches high. The whitetail deer is one of the largest American deer. They are tan or reddish brown in the summer and grayish brown in the winter. Select an item from the list on the right to compare related dimensions. The average body size of mule deer is usually larger than white-tailed deer; however this is not a great identification tool because you rarely have both species standing next to each other for comparison. Their diet fluctuates all year to what is available each season. Of this, the tail may comprise 11.6 to 23 cm (4.6 to 9.1 in). The first important step in learning to make a one-shot-kill is to know where the vital organs are located in a whitetail deer. They are tan or reddish brown in the summer and grayish brown in the winter. Shared characteristics of even-toed ungulates include them being mostly herbivores, and having 2 or 4 functional toes. Deer are herbivores and generally eat grass, nuts, twigs, alfalfa, corn, fruit, and fungi. Life Expectancy Approximately 10 years in the wild. It assumes that there is a definite co-relation between girth and mass. The underside and throat are white, the tail brown above and white below. 3D Model. Mortality factors include hunting, motor vehicles, poaching, depredation, dogs, fences, cripples, and trains respectively. You cannot place a gravity feeder high enough that a raccoon cannot access it & still have a deer able to reach it. Animals that are even-toed ungulates include the saola, pygmy hog, bawean deer, addax, tamaraw, togian babirusa, walia ibex, and rhim gazelle. Florida Whitetail Deer average height is 28 to 31 inches at the shoulder and weigh between 75 and 125 lbs. Medium size deer = 17"-18". White-tailed deer may grow deformed antlers as a result of an injury. Their average height is about 3 feet tall. If a group of deer is traveling through, the lead deer will often be a mature doe. While White-Tailed Deer from North and South America are generally accepted as one group, genetically these deer are farther apart than White-Tailed and Black-Tailed Deer in North America. The most notable difference between odd and even-toed ungulates is the number of toes they have. Want updates on new Dimensions content? Wisconsin Whitetail Deer - When they are running away from predators, whitetail deer have the ability to run at high speeds & jump very high fences. The preferred habitat is mixed forest of moderate age, croplands adjacent to forested areas, and early forest successional stages near mature forest. The average weight can go up by about twenty pounds or so depending on the area you’re hunting in, but whitetail really aren’t that large of an animal. While it is true that almost any gunshot and arrow can kill a deer you always want to aim for the vital area of a deer, the heart and lung area. White-tailed deer can reach a total length of approximately 6 feet and a height of approximately 3 feet at the shoulder. They generally consume herbaceous vegetation in spring, summer. 42 inches high is the ideal height. A confirmation email has been sent. Ultimately, they resemble a doe with antlers. Also, there are 220 species of even-toed ungulates while there are 17 species of odd-toed ungulates. South Carolina State Record: The 1906-2010 SC White-tailed Deer Antler Records are divided into Non-Typical White-tailed and Typical White-Tailed Deer. The hair of the White-Tailed Deer is flared during flight, and their tail resembles a signaling flag. The idea behind an “ideal’ tree stand height is to position the hunter over and above the immediate selected hunting area to maximize observational viewing. The antlers grow out again in April or May and lose their velvet in August or September. Lead Deer. What are the differences between even and odd-toed ungulates? In a thick woods this might be 8 or 10 feet to see under tree cover. Some buck fawns are as tall as their mothers by late fall; but the young males are lean. Scientific name: Odocoileus virginianus Average weight: 68 to 141 kg (male) 41 to 96 kg (female) Average height: 68 to 114 cm Average lifespan:6 to 14 years (in captivity) Small deer = 14"-15". classes of white-tailed deer can provide important information on trends within a deer herd. Substantial Subspecies – Scientists estimate that there may be between 30 and 40 sub species of whitetail deer across their range. They have a total length of between 60 to 75 inches and an average weight of about 150 pounds. Begin Main Content Area Deer Weight Estimating Chart The chart below will help you estimate your deer's live weight, field dressed weight and also edible meat weight. The shedding process takes between 2 to 3 weeks and it can take from 24 to 48 hours for the antlers to fall off. The girth method does not take this into consideration. Weight depends on age, sex, and physical condition, but adult males (bucks) weigh an average of 120–160 pounds, while females (does) average 80–120 pounds. Use our Size Comparison calculator to compare the dimensional properties of White-Tailed Deer with other related elements from our database. The White-Tailed Deer is named for the thick white fur on the underside of the neck and the rear while the rest of their coat is reddish in the summer and a dull gray in the winter. Deer are cloven hooved ungulates which range in size from 1.25’-6.5’ (.4-1.9 m) with all species, except for one, having antlers. Others are full of meat but with smaller girths. The white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, was so named because the underside of its tail is covered with white hair, and when it runs it often holds its tail erect so that the white undersurface is visible.Whitetails belong to the Cervidae family, which in North America includes the elk, moose, caribou and mule deer. Their bodies allow them to survive … They typically bed in places that shield them against cold temperatures and winds. Acorns, fruits and crops are taken in the fall, and browse evergreen vegetation in winter. Here are some top of back to bottom of brisket estimates for other common North American game animals taken from various sources, but primarily from Jack O'Connor's book The Hunting Rifle: Pronghorn antelope = 14"-15". ©2020 Dimensions.com | All rights reserved. The height at the shoulders is 90-105 cm, length 134-206 cm, and weight (M) 90-135 kg (F) 67-112 kg. White-Tailed Deer have standing shoulder heights between 2'8"-3' (81-91 cm), head-to-body lengths in the range of 3’1”-7’2” (95-220 cm), and overall weights of 80-250 lb (36-113 kg). The white-tailed deer is common throughout the state. PDF. They also have grooves at their ankle joints while helps them resist lateral motion. Adults are about 72 inches in length, with males and females weighing an average of 203 and 155 pounds, respectively. 1. The circumference of the eye is about 4 inches. Deer Body Types Vary. Some deer are skinny with large girths. Weights vary considerably, but an average adult male weighs 175 pounds while a female weighs about 120 pounds. Figure 7. PGC > Wildlife > Wildlife Species > White-tailed Deer > Deer Weight Chart. White-Tailed Deer. In the summer, their fur is reddish brown or tan. Whitetails begin growing their antlers in the Spring and they can grow at an average rate of up to two inches per week! This species consumes herbaceous plant parts, woody plant parts, herbaceous fruit and fleshy fungi. Predation is mainly in the form of harassment by dogs. White-tailed deer can be recognized by their white bottomed tail used as a warning flag; mule deer tails are a more cream colored with a distinct black tip. Large deer = 18"-20". 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