Development along the coast has been a major factor in the decline of the beach mice. Anastasia Island beach mice have been trapped from sea oats and bare sandy areas on Anastasia Island, as Small, large-eared rodents with protuberant eyes. Maintain habitat character during construction and land development. Even major coastal developers like Brett-Robison have come to appreciate these tiny creatures and the role they play for Alabama’s beaches, as the company expressed in a blog post titled “Why we love our Alabama beach mice.”, Alabama beach mousePhoto: U.S. There is another possibility in some of the instances quoted. pop. Encyclopedia.com. The subspecies survives in good numbers in dunes only 3-10 ft (1-3 m) wide in Indian River County, where it probably also uses adjacent interior coastal strand habitat. Because they have big appetites, mice eat up to 15 to 20 times a day. Unlike many species, beach mice are monogamous, with mated pairs tending to remain together as long as both live. Beach mice will store food in their burrows. North America obtained its share of this rodent from a mouse that entered the continent as stowaways on a ship from Europe. Longleaf pine forests once covered large swaths of Alabama, but now only isolated pockets remain. Actually, they like to eat fruits, seeds and grains. Here in Alabama we love to eat! Some have argued that the species are in jeopardy of total extinction if current development trends continue, and one population analysis concluded that even the largest populations of Alabama beach mouse are likely to go extinct if current trends continue. For Alabama beach mice, approximate size of these spatial units is 550 meters (1,800 feet; linear) with occupancy by 40-70 mice. The Division of Recreation and Parks has successfully reduced feral cat populations in the recreation area, and this has benefitted beach mice. The range of the Alabama beach mouse historically extended from Ono Island to Fort Morgan and included much of the Fort Morgan Peninsula on the Alabama Gulf coast. well as in woody vegetation as far as 1,800 ft (548.6 m) inland. Note to readers: if you purchase something through one of our affiliate links we may earn a commission. Due to the high density of beach homes along most of this coast, it is unlikely that habitat restoration sufficient to support beach mice can be done, and it is unlikely that the species can be fully recovered. The most seaward vegetation typically consists of sea oats, dune panic grass, railroad vine, beach morning glory, and camphor weed. The scrub adjoining these dunes is populated by oaks and sand pine or palmetto. When the baby mice are 3-4 weeks old, they do not have to eat liquid-formed foods. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. These mice are distant relatives of the common mice that enter human dwellings, instead preferring to stay in their burrows during the day and forage for food, mostly vegetation and insects. In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Further landward, vegetation is more diverse, including beach tea, prickly pear cactus, saw palmetto, wax myrtle, and sea grape. Viable populations of the Anastasia Island beach mouse currently occur at Anastasia State Recreation Area and Fort Matanzas National Monument. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Community Rules apply to all content you upload or otherwise submit to this site. Predation from house cats and competition from house mice may be restricting the distribution of southeastern beach mice at the north end of Canaveral National Seashore. It’s what we do best! I placed a trap in my garage because there was a mouse running around scaring my wife and sister-in-law who would go out there in the winter to smoke. The presence of sea oats is not a requirement for the mouse; they also occur in sandy areas with broomsedge. Perdido Key Beach Mouse The Perdido Key beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis), is a subspecies of the Oldfield mouse (Peromyscus polionotus).This small rodent was first recognized in Alabama in 1968 as one of eight coastal subspecies. The Anastasia Island beach mouse has lost most of its historical habitat. It currently occurs only on Anastasia Island, primarily at the Anastasia State Recreation Area and Fort Matanzas National Monument ends of the island, although beach mice still occur at low densities in remnant dunes along the entire length of the island. A second, reintroduced population is surviving on the east end of the island, in the Johnson Beach Unit of the Gulf Islands National Seashore. The state is one of the most biodiverse in the nation, and today there are 131 species on the brink of disappearing. They will eat anything that they can find and will often enter a house with the sole purpose of finding food. Both the Alabama beach mouse and the Perdido Key beach mouse species inhabit the oat-covered sand dunes of Alabama’s barrier islands, building burrow complexes beneath the sand. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. The original distribution consisted of about 50 linear mi (80 km) of beach; current populations occupy about 14 linear mi (22.5 km) of beach with possibly only 3 mi (5 km) supporting viable populations. The mice to eat fruits, seeds and grains 3-4 weeks old, they tend to build nests... Anastasia State Recreation Area and Fort Matanzas National Monument and will not eat or be trash. Although a bit more slowly this time, my legs were complaining the. 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